ʼn Omvattende bronnelys/bibliografie van akademiese en populêre bronne oor vloek en verwante verskynsels, inklusief digitale en aanlyn hulpmiddels vir navorsing oor vloekwoorde.

  • Ná die algemene bronnelys en lys van digitale hulpbronne, volg bronne oor spesifieke woorde en onderwerpe in alfabetiese volgorde.
  • Hierdie bronnelys word deurlopende bygewerk en aangevul. Kontak ons gerus as jy bewus is van ontbrekende bronne.
  • Allan, Keith. 2015. “When is a slur not a slur? The use of nigger in ‘Pulp Fiction’.” Language Sciences 52:187-199. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.001.
  • Allan, Keith. 2019. The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Allan, Keith, and Kate Burridge. 1991. Euphemism and Dysphemism: Language Used as Shield and Weapon. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Allan, Keith, and Kate Burridge. 2006. Forbidden words: Taboo and the censoring of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Anderson, W.R., J.A. Hicks, and S.A.V. Holmes. 2002. “The testis: what did he witness?” BJU International 89:910–911.
  • Archer, Dawn. 2015. “Slurs, insults, (backhanded) compliments and other strategic facework moves.” Language Sciences 52:82-97. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.008.
  • Barchard, K. A., and J. Williams. 2008. “Practical advice for conducting ethical online experiments and questionnaires for United States psychologists.” Behav Res Methods 40 (4):1111-28. doi: 10.3758/BRM.40.4.1111.
  • Beaton, Mary Elizabeth, and Hannah B. Washington. 2015. “Slurs and the indexical field: the pejoration and reclaiming of favelado ‘slum-dweller’.” Language Sciences 52:12-21. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.06.021.
  • Bednarek, Monika. 2019. “‘Don’t say crap. Don’t use swear words.’ – Negotiating the use of swear/taboo words in the narrative mass media.” Discourse, Context & Media 29. doi: 10.1016/j.dcm.2019.02.002.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy. 2007. A sociolinguistic analysis of swearword offensiveness. In Saarland Working Papers in Linguistics. Saarbrücken: Universität des Saarlands.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy. 2012. “A swear word by any other name.” In Who’s Swearing Now? The Social Aspects of Conversational Swearing, 3-21. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy. 2012. Who’s Swearing Now? The Social Aspects of Conversational Swearing. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy. 2017. “English-language swearing as humor in Swedish comic strips.” Journal of Pragmatics 121:175-187. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2017.10.014.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy, and Karyn Stapleton. 2017. Advances in Swearing Research: New languages and new contexts. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Beers Fägersten, Kristy, and Karyn Stapleton. 2017. “Introduction.” In Advances in Swearing Research, 1-16.
  • Bergen, Benjamin K. 2016. What the F: What Swearing Reveals About Our Language, Our Brains, and Ourselves. New York: Basic Books.
  • Blakemore, Diane. 2015. “Slurs and expletives: a case against a general account of expressive meaning.” Language Sciences 52:22-35. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.06.018.
  • Breed, Adri. 2017. “The subjective use of postural verbs in Afrikaans (II): a corpus analysis of CPV en in Zefrikaans.” Stellenbosch Papers in Linguistics 52:23-43. doi: 10.5774/52-0-709.
  • Burridge, Kathryn, and Reka Agnes Benczes. 2019. “Taboo as a driver of language change.” In The Oxford Handbook of Taboo Words and Language, edited by Keith Allan, 180-199. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Calitz, Felix Cilliers. 1979. “Spot, skel en verwante verskynsels in Afrikaans.” Universiteit van Stellenbosch.
  • Cepollaro, Bianca. 2015. “In defence of a presuppositional account of slurs.” Language Sciences 52:36-45. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.11.004.
  • Coetzee, Frieda. 2018. “Hy leer dit nie hier nie (‘He doesn’t learn it here’): talking about children’s swearing in extended families in multilingual South Africa.” International Journal of Multilingualism 15 (3):291-305. doi: 10.1080/14790718.2018.1477291.
  • Croom, Adam M. 2015. “An introduction to the special issue on Slurs.” Language Sciences 52:1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.08.001.
  • Croom, Adam M. 2015. “Slurs, stereotypes, and in-equality: a critical review of “How Epithets and Stereotypes are Racially Unequal”.” Language Sciences 52:139-154. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.03.001.
  • Čupković, Gordana. 2015. “Diachronic variations of slurs and levels of derogation: on some regional, ethnic and racial slurs in Croatian.” Language Sciences 52:215-230. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.09.002.
  • De Klerk, Vivian Anne. 2011. “A nigger in the woodpile? A racist incident on a South African University campus.” Journal of Languages and Culture 2 (3):39-49.
  • Dekker, L. 1991. “Vloek, skel en vulgariteit: Hantering van sosiolinguisties aanstootlike leksikale items.” Lexikos 1:52-60. doi:
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2012. ““Christ fucking shit merde!” Language Preferences for Swearing Among Maximally Proficient Multilinguals.” Sociolinguistic Studies 4 (3). doi: 10.1558/sols.v4i3.595.
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2015. “British ‘Bollocks’ versus American ‘Jerk’: Do native British English speakers swear more – or differently – compared to American English speakers?” Applied Linguistics Review 6 (3). doi: 10.1515/applirev-2015-0015.
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2016. “Self-reported frequency of swearing in English: do situational, psychological and sociobiographical variables have similar effects on first and foreign language users?” Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 38 (4):330-345. doi: 10.1080/01434632.2016.1201092.
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2016. “Thirty shades of offensiveness: L1 and LX English users’ understanding, perception and self-reported use of negative emotion-laden words.” Journal of Pragmatics 94:112-127. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2016.01.009.
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2017. “Chapter 11. Epilogue.” In Advances in Swearing Research, 257-262.
  • Dewaele, Jean-Marc. 2018. “Glimpses of semantic restructuring of English emotion-laden words of American English L1 users residing outside the USA.” Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 8 (3):320-342. doi: 10.1075/lab.15046.dew.
  • Embrick, David G., and Kasey Henricks. 2015. ““Two-faced -isms: racism at work and how race discourse shapes classtalk and gendertalk.”.” Language Sciences 52:165-175. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.004.
  • Fasoli, Fabio, Andrea Carnaghi, and Maria Paola Paladino. 2015. “Social acceptability of sexist derogatory and sexist objectifying slurs across contexts.” Language Sciences 52:98-107. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.003.
  • Feinauer, A. E. 1981. “Die taalkundige gedrag van vloekwoorde in Afrikaans [The linguistic behaviour of swearwords in Afrikaans].” MA Dissertation, Fakulteit Lettere en Wysbegeerte.
  • Ferguson, Mark A., and Thomas E. Ford. 2008. “Disparagement humor: A theoretical and empirical review of psychoanalytic, superiority, and social identity theories.” Humor – International Journal of Humor Research 21 (3). doi: 10.1515/humor.2008.014.
  • Finn, Eileen. 2017. “Swearing: The good, the bad & the ugly.” ORTESOL Journal 34:17-26.
  • Gaucher, Danielle, Brianna Hunt, and Lisa Sinclair. 2015. “Can pejorative terms ever lead to positive social consequences? The case of SlutWalk.” Language Sciences 52:121-130. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.005.
  • Gauthier, Michael, and Adrien Guille. 2017. “Chapter 6. Gender and age differences in swearing.” In Advances in Swearing Research, 137-157.
  • Heckathorn, Douglas D. 1997. “Respondent-Driven Sampling: A New Approach to the Study of Hidden Populations.”
  • Herbert, Cassie. 2015. “Precarious projects: the performative structure of reclamation.” Language Sciences 52:131-138. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.05.002.
  • Hindriks, Inge, and Rosalie Van Hofwegen. 2014. “Godverdomme, ik zie een haai!” A Diachronic Research on Swearing Habits in a Dutch Reality TV-show.
  • Hjort, Minna Mikaela. 2017. “Affect, risk management and the translation of swearing.” Rask : internationalt tidsskrift for sprog og kommunication 46:159-180.
  • Holgate, Eric, Isabel Cachola, Daniel Preotiuc-Pietro, and Junyi Jessy Li. 2018. “Why Swear? Analyzing and Inferring the Intentions of Vulgar Expressions.” 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, Brussels, Belgium, October 31 – November 4.
  • Hughes, Geoffrey. 2006. An encyclopedia of swearing : the social history of oaths, profanity, foul language, and ethnic slurs in the English-speaking world. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
  • Imoagene, Onoso. 2015. “Broken bridges: an exchange of slurs between African Americans and second generation Nigerians and the impact on identity formation among the second generation.” Language Sciences 52:176-186. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.010.
  • Janschewitz, K. 2008. “Taboo, emotionally valenced, and emotionally neutral word norms.” Behavior Research Methods 40 (4):1065-74. doi: 10.3758/BRM.40.4.1065.
  • Jay, Kristin L., and Timothy B. Jay. 2015. “Taboo word fluency and knowledge of slurs and general pejoratives: deconstructing the poverty-of-vocabulary myth.” Language Sciences 52:251-259. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.12.003.
  • Jay, Timothy. 2000. Why We Curse: A Neuro-psycho-social Theory of Speech. Philadelphia/Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
  • Jay, Timothy. 2009. “Do offensive words harm people?” Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 15 (2):81-101. doi: 10.1037/a0015646.
  • Jay, Timothy. 2009. “The Utility and Ubiquity of Taboo Words.”
  • Jay, Timothy. 2018. “Swearing, moral order, and online communication.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 6 (1):107-126. doi: 10.1075/jlac.00005.jay.
  • Jay, Timothy, and Kristin Janschewitz. 2008. “The pragmatics of swearing.” Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture 4 (2). doi: 10.1515/jplr.2008.013.
  • Jost, J. T. 2006. “The end of the end of ideology.” Am Psychol 61 (7):651-70. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.61.7.651.
  • Kapoor, H. 2016. “Swears in Context: The Difference Between Casual and Abusive Swearing.” J Psycholinguist Res 45 (2):259-74. doi: 10.1007/s10936-014-9345-z.
  • Katz, Joshua T. 1998. “Testimonia Ritus Italici: Male Genitalia, Solemn Declarations, and a New Latin Sound Law.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 1998:183-217. doi: 10.2307/311342.
  • Kiley, Jocelyn, and Scott Keeter. 2015. “Ideological Self-identification, Political Values, and Partisanship.”
  • Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1999. Philosophy In The Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought. New York: Basic Books.
  • Long, Christopher R., and Dara N. Greenwood. 2013. “Joking in the face of death: A terror management approach to humor production.” Humor 26 (4). doi: 10.1515/humor-2013-0012.
  • Lycan, William G. 2015. “Slurs and lexical presumption.” Language Sciences 52:3-11. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.05.001.
  • McEnery, Anthony, and Zhonghua Xiao. 2016. “Swearing in Modern British English: The Case of Fuck in the BNC.” Language and Literature 13 (3):235-268. doi: 10.1177/0963947004044873.
  • Millwood-Hargrave, Andrea. 2000. Delete expletives?
  • MORI, Ipsos, and Ofcom. 2016. Attitudes to potentially offensive language and gestures on TV and radio. London: Ipsos MORI.
  • Myer, Larry. 2014. “A “Witness” and a “Testicle”? A Linguistic Analysis of the Latin Word “Testis”.” Carmenta.
  • Nübling, Damaris, and Marianne Vogel. 2004. “Fluchen und Schimpfen kontrastiv.”
  • Nykodym, Nick, and John A. Boyd. 1975. “Expletive Deleted: A Study of Language Usage.” Annual Meeting of the International Communication Association, Chicago, April.
  • O’Dea, Conor J., Stuart S. Miller, Emma B. Andres, Madelyn H. Ray, Derrick F. Till, and Donald A. Saucier. 2015. “Out of bounds: factors affecting the perceived offensiveness of racial slurs.” Language Sciences 52:155-164. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.09.005.
  • Pizarro Pedraza, Andrea. 2018. Linguistic Taboo Revisited: Novel Insights from Cognitive Perspectives. Vol. 61, Cognitive Linguistics Research [CLR]. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  • Rahman, Jacquelyn. 2015. “Missing the target: group practices that launch and deflect slurs.” Language Sciences 52:70-81. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.011.
  • Rathje, Marianne. 2014. “Attitudes to Danish swearwords and abusive terms in two generations.” In Swearing in the Nordic Countries, edited by Marianne Rathje, 37-61. Dansk Sprognævn.
  • Ruette, Tom. 2018. “Why do the Dutch swear with diseases?” In Linguistic Taboo Revisited: Novel Insights from Cognitive Perspectives, edited by Andrea Pizarro Pedraza, 225-244. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
  • Sapolsky, Barry S., Daniel M. Shafer, and Barbara K. Kaye. 2010. “Rating Offensive Words in Three Television Program Contexts.” Mass Communication and Society 14 (1):45-70. doi: 10.1080/15205430903359693.
  • Saucier, Donald A., Derrick F. Till, Stuart S. Miller, Conor J. O’Dea, and Emma Andres. 2015. “Slurs against masculinity: masculine honor beliefs and men’s reactions to slurs.” Language Sciences 52:108-120. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.09.006.
  • Spotorno, Nicola, and Claudia Bianchi. 2015. “A plea for an experimental approach on slurs.” Language Sciences 52:241-250. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.04.004.
  • South Africa. 2019. Films and Publications Act (65/1996): Classification guidelines for the classification of films, interactive computer games and certain publications. edited by Department of Communications: Government gazette.
  • Stone, Teresa Elizabeth, Margaret McMillan, and Mike Hazelton. 2015. “Back to swear one: A review of English language literature on swearing and cursing in Western health settings.” Aggression and Violent Behavior 25:65-74. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2015.07.012.
  • Teh, Phoey Lee, Chi-Bin Cheng, and Weng Mun Chee. 2018. “Identifying and Categorising Profane Words in Hate Speech.” Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Compute and Data Analysis – ICCDA 2018.
  • Van der Gucht, Fieke, Marten Van der Meulen, Robbe Verlinde, and Willem Vanbeylen. 2018. Het groot Vlaams vloekboek: Slimmer schelden en vaardiger vloeken. Tielt: Lannoo.
  • Van der Meulen, Marten, Fieke Van der Gucht, Robbe Verlinde, and Willem Vanbeylen. 2018. Het groot Nederlands vloekboek: Slimmer schelden en vaardiger vloeken. Tielt: Lannoo.
  • Van der Walt, A. 2019. “Linguistiese eienskappe en konvensionalisering in Zefrikaans op die WatKykJy?-blog: ’n korpuslinguistiese ondersoek [Linguistic features and conventionalisation in Zefrikaans on the WatKykJy? blog: a corpus linguistic study].” MA, Noordwes-Universiteit [North-West University].
  • Van Hofwegen, Rosalie. 2016. “Borrowed profanity versus boundless purism.” University of Leiden.
  • Van Huyssteen, Gerhard B. 1995. “’n Kognitief-pragmatiese perspektief op seksuele uitdrukkings in Afrikaans [A cognitive pragmatic perspective on sexual expressions in Afrikaans].” MA Unpublished dissertation, Departement Afrikaans, Universiteit van Pretoria.
  • Van Huyssteen, Gerhard B. 1996. “The sexist nature of sexual expressions in Afrikaans.” Literator 17 (3):119-135.
  • Van Huyssteen, Gerhard B. 1998. “Die leksikografiese hantering van seksuele uitdrukkings in Afrikaans [The lexicographic treatment of sexual expressions in Afrikaans].” South African Journal of Linguistics 16 (2):63-71.
  • Van Niekerk, Lariza. 2006. “Funksionele aspekte van Afrikaanse eksosentriese komposita.”
  • Van Sterkenburg, Piet G. J. 1997. Vloeken: een cultuurbepaalde reactie op woede, irritatie en frustratie. The Hague: Sdu Standaard.
  • Van Sterkenburg, Piet G.J. 2008. Krachttermen. Schiedam: Scriptum.
  • Vingerhoets, Ad J.J.M., Lauren M. Bylsma, and Cornelis De Vlam. 2013. “Swearing: A Biopsychosocial Perspective.” Psychological Topics 22 (2):287-304.
  • Wang, Wenbo, Lu Chen, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, and Amit P. Sheth. 2014. “Cursing in English on Twitter.” Proceedings of the 17th ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work & social computing – CSCW ’14.
  • Washington, Adrienne. 2010. “Bad Words Gone Good: Semantic Reanalysis in African American English.” MA, Graduate Faculty of Linguistics, University of Pittsburgh.
  • Weissbrod, Rachel. 2015. “Celebrity anti-Semitism – A translation studies perspective.” Language Sciences 52:231-240. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2014.10.002.
  • Yoon, Suwon. 2015. “Semantic constraint and pragmatic nonconformity for expressives: compatibility condition on slurs, epithets, anti-honorifics, intensifiers, and mitigators.” Language Sciences 52:46-69. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2015.03.009.
  • Zell, Ethan, and Michael J. Bernstein. 2013. “You May Think You’re Right … Young Adults Are More Liberal Than They Realize.” Social Psychological and Personality Science 5 (3):326-333. doi: 10.1177/1948550613492825.
  • Zenner, Eline, Tom Ruette, and Emma Devriendt. 2017. “The borrowability of English swearwords: An exploration of Belgian Dutch and Netherlandic Dutch tweets.” In Advances in Swearing Research: New languages and new contexts, edited by Kristy Beers Fägersten and Karyn Stapleton, 107–136. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • De Vaan, Michiel. Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Leiden: Brill.
  • Kluge, Friedrich. 1891. An etymological dictionary of the German language. London: George Bell and Sons.
  • Kroonen, Guus. 2013. Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic. Leiden: Brill.
  • Pokorny, Julius. 1959 [2007]. Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch: An Etymological Dictionary of the Proto-Indo-European Language.

Besoek ook ons kundig saamgestelde lys met boeke oor vloek op

Hierdie webwerf maak gebruik van koekies.  Hier is meer inligting oor koekies.

Hierdie webblad bevat kru taal, vloekwoorde en volwasse onderwerpe.

Is jy ouer as 18?